Tomato

Tomato

Posted by Jessie Jacobson on Apr 4th 2022

April 5, 2022

Tomato Varieties Available at Tonkadale this Spring

Tomatoes are one of the more popular plants in the veggie garden. A little knowledge goes a long way. We have an amazing blog post all about growing tomatoes linked here!

Let's go over a few definitions before we get into the yummy varieties we are growing in the greenhouse this year.

Determinate tomato varieties will typically grow to 3 to 5 feet tall, then stop. Though they do not grow as tall as their indeterminate counterparts, they still benefit from staking or caging to increase air flow, prevent disease, and support heavy fruit. Determinate varieties flower and fruit during a determinate amount of time, about 3-4 weeks. Because of the heavy onset of fruit, this makes determinate tomatoes a great choice for canning and preserving. If you’re short on space, determinate varieties are the best choice for container gardening.

Indeterminate tomato varieties produce tall plants with rambling vines and will need to be staked or braced with a tomato cage or stake to hold the plant off the ground. They flower and produce fruit more gradually and over a longer period during the season.

Hybrid tomatoes are created when a plant breeder or home gardener intentionally cross-pollinates two different tomato varieties. The resulting offspring is a hybrid plant which is selected for the best traits of each parent plant. Hybrid tomatoes are often very hardy, disease resistant, and have a consistent shape and size.

Heirloom tomatoes are basically plants that are passed down through generations of gardeners and are at least 50 years old (number of years is highly debated). Heirlooms have been selectively grown, and seed passed down through generations based on certain charateristics or traits that are best suited for their growing regions, taste, habit, size, and form. They are not intentionally crossed with other tomatoes to attain these traits. Heirloom varieties generally have more flavor, interesting colors, and shapes, but are less disesae resistant.

Days to Harvest For seeds started indoors and transplanted into the garden, days to harvest is calculated from the transplanting date into the garden to the days the variety should mature and may be harvested.

Disesae Resistance

Diesease that affect tomatoes are coded by letters. When selecting a tomoto vareity, these letters will indicate which diseases that variety is resistant to. The best way to prevent disease is to rotate tomato crops each year and to practice good cultural practices such as keeping weeds under control, watering in the morning while avoiding getting leaves wet, pruing out diseased foliage, and treating with fungicides when applicable.

Code Disease Description

A or ASC

Alternaria Stem Canker

This fungus shows up as brown or blank cankers that attack
tomato stems, leaves, and fruit, often accompanied by streaks. Left unchecked, cankers can spread across the entire plant and kill
it before harvest.

A

Anthracnose

This disease mainly affect tomato fruits. Lesions appear on leaves and gradually create a yellowish circular spot. Black, suncken water-soaked round spots appear on fruits. Flourishes in high moisture and humid weather.

EB

Early Blight

Small, dark spots appear on lower leaves. Larger spots create concentric rings and finally the leaves fall off. Brown, sunken spots girdle the plant stems just above the soil line.

F

Fusarium Wilt

The first signs of Fusarium are yellowing and wilting on one side of the plant—a leaf, single shoot, branch or several branches. Yellowing and wilting move up the plant as the fungus spreads, clogging water conducting tissue in the stem and affectively starving the plant. Left unchecked, fusarium wilt can kill tomato plants well before harvest time. Unfortunately, some fusarium fungi have overcome
the initial “F” resistance attributes in designated tomatoes. Today,
newer cultivars have been bred to be resistant to secondary
fusarium strains—hence the “FF” and “FFF” designations.

FF

Fusarium, Races 1 and 2

see above

FFF

Fusarium Wilt 1, 2, and 3

see above

LB

Late Blight

Dark brown blotches on leaves turn into dry, brown foliage. Lesions may also appear on stems and fruit.

N

Nematodes

Nematodes are parasitic round worms that often lie dormant in the soil. Nematodes can produce root galls on the plant up to an inch wide.
Affected plants are weak, stunted, do not respond to fertilizer, and
tend to wilt.

T

Tobacco Mosaic Virus

TMV causes mottling and yellowing of leaves, resulting in reduced size
and yield and also turns fruit brown.

SWV

Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus

Symptoms may vary from plant to plant, but can include yellow
and brown rings on stems, brown streaks on plant stems, dead
leaf spots and tips, and severely stunted growth. Fruit may be
discolored at maturity.

V

Verticillium Wilt

This fungus works its way up through the plant’s roots, clogging
water-conducting tissue in the stem. They spread a toxin that
wilts leaves and prevents water from reaching branches and
leaves, starving the plant. Yellow spots appear on lower leaves,
followed by brown veins. Leaves then turn brown and fall off.
Infection pattern often resembles a V-shape.

Now on to the good part. With 30 varieties to choose, how can you pick just one?

Abigail

Everything we love about heirlooms but hybridized with improved fruit quality and disease resisitance in a manageble size. Reduced cracking and scarring. Introduced in 2020. Fresh, salad, canning.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

10-16 oz

Pink

75

LB

Beefmaster

This mouth-watering giant red tomato is not only huge but very heavy-bearing, yielding large quantities of tomatoes up to 2lbs. each. Salads, sandwiches, hot dishes, soups, and sauces.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

18-24 oz

Red

80

VFNASt

Big Boy

An old time favorite with large globe shaped fruit. Dark scarlet red fruit with thick walls and great flavor. Perfect base for many cooked dishes and superb on sandwiches. Salads, soups, pickling.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

12-24 oz

Red

80

VFT

Big Rainbow

Stunning shades of gold to scarlet and everything in between make this heirloom variety truly stand out. Rich balance of acids and sugars gives it an old-fashioned tomato taste.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

12-24 oz

Yellow-Orange

90

Natrual

Black Russian

Black Russian does seem to have variable flavor, taking on some of the characteristics of the soil in which it is grown - sweetness with a background of acidity mixed in with a slight smoky flavor. Fresh, slicer, beefsteak type.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Semi-determinate

Heirloom

10 oz

Purpleish-Red, Almost Black

75

Natrual

Brad's Atomic Grape

Elongated, large, cherry-type tomatoes in clusters. Crack-resistant fruit is extraordinarily sweet! Fresh, salads, freeze.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

1-2 oz

Purple, Green, and Brown Stripes on Green Fruit

75

Natrual

Brandywine

A favorite potato-leaved heirloom tomato variety. Incredibly rich, delightfully intense tomato flavor. One of the most popular home garden cultivars in the United States. Cooking, sandwiches, salads.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

18-24 oz

Pink

80

Natrual

Celebrity

Vigorous high yielding tomato with firm, flavorful fruit. An all-purpose variety with crack resistant fruits. AAS Winner. Soups, canning, salsa.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Determinate

Hybrid

7 oz

Red

70

VFFNTASt

Cherokee Green

Lime green and chartreuse flesh is very meaty with a great assertive tomato flavor. Fruits turn a slight amber color when ripe. This is an outstanding color mutation from Cherokee Purple. Discovered by Craig Lehoulier. Cooking, sandwiches, soups.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

6-12 oz

Amber-Green

75

Natural

Cherokee Purple

An old Cherokee Indian heirloomvariety, pre-1890. Beautiful, deep dusky purple-pink color, superb sweet flavor, and very large sized fruit. Try this one for real old-time tomato flavor. Cooking, sandwiches, soups.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

6-12 oz

Purple

80

Natural

Defiant

Globe-shaped fruits are smooth and medium-firm with good texture. High-yielding, medium-sized plants are widely adaptable. Mid-size slicer.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Determinate

Hybrid

6-8 oz

Red

65

FLBVEB

Dester

Beef-steak type with rich flavor. Fresh, slicing, canning.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

1-1.5 lbs

Pink

75

Natural

Early Girl

One of the earliest tomatoes available! Medium globe-type popular for its ease of growth. Highly popular and tasty. Salads, hot dish, pasta.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

4-6 oz

Red

55

VFF

Flame

Rich tangy sweet flavor, crack resistant and beautiful when sliced. Fresh, slicer, beefsteak type.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

4-6 oz

Red

85

Natural

Gold Nugget

Oval shaped cherry tomatoes, mostly seedless with well balanced flavor. Fresh, salads, freeze.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Determinate

Hybrid

.5-1 oz

Golden Yellow

55

FV

Grandero

A prolific plum-shaped tomato with thick walled fruit. Less likely to suffer from blossom end rot. Sauces, salsa, canning.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

4-5 oz

Red

75

FTVNTSWV

Midnight Snack

Unique indigo-type cherry tomato ripens to red with beautiful glossy black-purple overlay when exposed to sunlight. Packed with antioxidants and a well-balanced flavor. 2017 All-America Selections Winner. Salads, snacking.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

.5-1.5 oz

Dark Purple

65-70

Natural

Mortgage Lifter

Large, slightly flattened, pink-red fruits. Very meaty, extremely flavorful and have few seeds. Typically crack-free. Cooking, sandwiches, salads.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

1-3 lbs

Red

80

VFN

Paul Robeson

This famous tomato has almost a cult following among seed collectors and tomato connoisseurs, who simply cannot get enough of this variety’s amazing flavor that is so distinctive, sweet, and smoky. 7 to 10-oz fruit is a red-brick color. Named in honor of the famous black opera singer, star of King Solomon’s Mines, 1937. Paul Robeson, an American, was also a Russian Equal Rights Advocate for Blacks. This Russian variety was lovingly named in his honor.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

6-12 oz

Bright-Red W/ Green Shoulders

80-90

Natural

Red Grape

12-16 crack-resistant fruits per cluster. It's just too tempting to pop the sun-warmed, super-sweet fruits right into your mouth, fresh off the plant. Fresh, salads, pasta.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Semi-determinate

Hybrid

1 oz

Red

75

Good

Roma

This tomato is a meaty plum type with few seeds. While Roma is an open-pollinated variety, it is generally not considered an heirloom tomato.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Determinate

Hybrid

1-2 oz

Red

80

VFNA

San Marzano

The ultimate paste tomato! 3½ inch long tapered fruits in clusters of five or six. Gives superior flavors when cooked. Prolific and will produce until the first hard frost. Pastes, sauce, Italian cooking.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

5-8 oz

Red

80

Natural

Snow White

An intriguing cherry type tomato, sweet and juicy without being sugary, notes of citrus and pineapple. Fresh, salad, veggie tray.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

1-2 oz

Ivory-Cream

75

Natural

Solar Power

2" beauties offer a nutritional lift, serving up as much as three times the level of health-giving beta carotene as the average tomato. Fresh, salads, sauces.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

4 oz

Yellow-Orange

65

VSF

Striped German

These flat, medium to large, variably ribbed-shoulder tomatoes are shaded yellow and red. The marbled interior looks beautiful sliced. Complex, fruity flavor and smooth texture. Sandwiches, cooking, salads

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Heirloom

12 oz

Red-Yellow

75

Natural

Sun Gold

Bright tangerine-orange cherry tomatoes that produce an exceptionally sweet, almost tropical flavor. Vigorous plants start yielding early and produce right through the season. Salads, veggie trays, pasta, snacking.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

1 oz

Golden-Yellow

65

VFTMV

Sunrise Sauce

Roma type tomatoes, great for patio pots. Meaty, easy to peel, cook down quickly. Sauce, canning.

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Determinate

Hybrid

4-6 oz

Bright Orange

50-60

FV

Sweet 100 Cherry

Small, sweet cherry-like fruit are produced in large clusters. Delightful when eaten straight from the vine. Salads, veggie trays, soups

Determinate Indeterminate Hybrid Fruit Size Color Days to Harvest Disease Resistance

Indeterminate

Hybrid

1 oz

Red

65

VF